The gut microbiome is very sensitive to diet
Good nutrition is an important part of leading a healthy lifestyle and the food we eat plays an essential role in maintaining the diversity and proper functioning of our gut microbiome. We can improve diversity by focusing on the foods we eat, more specifically prebiotics. Prebiotics are the bits of food that are full of fibre, like apple skins, bananas and raw chicory root. They travel through the small intestine and start to ferment when they reach the large colon. This process feeds beneficial microbes and helps to increase their number and diversity, which is good for health. The microbes, in return, support the colon by serving as a nutrition source for the colon’s cells. It’s one of nature’s win-wins.
Research tells us that increasing the prebiotic fibre you eat will support a healthy immune system, and improve digestion, bone density, weight management and brain health. Bio-Live is most beneficial if it is taken with a healthy balanced diet. Fibre content can be reduced if foods are cooked so it is best to eat them raw where possible.
Prebiotic foods we would recommend are: chicory root, dandelion greens, Jerusalem artichoke, garlic, onions, leeks, asparagus, bananas, barley, oats, apples, cocoa, flaxseeds and seaweed.
Fermented foods and the benefits
Fermented foods create millions of good bacteria that contribute to a healthy digestive system. During the fermentation process, microorganisms such as bacteria, yeasts or fungi convert organic compounds such as sugars into alcohol or acids, more specifically lactic acid which acts as a natural preservative. These bacteria break down, or predigest, certain components of the food we eat, making it easier for nutrients to be absorbed by the body.
Eating fermented foods and the lactic acid bacteria they contain can help to improve the health of the intestinal tract, enhance the immune system, enhance the availability of nutrients, and reduce the symptoms of lactose intolerance and allergies.
When fermenting food or drink, the change of sugars enhances the natural beneficial bacteria in food, so it can also be called a probiotic. When you eat fermented foods, you add beneficial bacteria and enzymes to your gut bringing a multitude of health benefits for your gut microbiome, digestive system and immune system.
Probiotic rich fermented foods include: kefir, kombucha, sauerkraut, miso, tempeh and kimchi.
Ask our nutritionist Zara
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